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The heritage of the nation is given legal protection in various forms ranging from international protection to more local protection, such as in designated Conservation Areas.

Current national planning policy, contained in the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF July 2018), provides the policy lead in how heritage assists ought to be identified and protected in the event of proposals that may affect them.

These national protections are generically defined as Designated Heritage Assets and included:-

  • A World Heritage Site,
  • Scheduled Monument,
  • Listed Building,
  • Protected Wreck Site,
  • Registered Park and Garden,
  • Registered Battle Field or
  • Conservation Area designated under the relevant legislation.

Thus whilst there exists protection for buildings, monuments, and areas recognised as having a national significance there are many other aspects of the physical heritage that, whilst contributing to the historic, architectural or cultural character of the country, do not enjoy any form of legislative protection.

This omission can be compensated for by compiling what is known as a Local List of heritage assets for an area. Local Lists can play an essential role in building and reinforcing a sense of local character and distinctiveness in the historic environment, as part of the wider range of designation. They enable the significance of any building or site on the list to be better taken into account in the application of planning policies and planning applications that affect the building, or site, or its setting.

Local Lists thus complement national designations in building a sense of place and history for localities and communities. Local heritage listing is intended to highlight heritage assets which are of local heritage interest in order to ensure that they are given due consideration when change is being proposed.

These local heritage aspects are defined as Non Designated Heritage Assets and in a Local List can include:-

(i) A building, in whole or part.

(ii) The curtilage or outbuildings of a locally or nationally listed building.

(iii) A group of buildings.

(iv) An archaeological site.

(v) A designed landscape, park, or garden.

(vi) A site or landscape with exceptional local or national historic connections.

(vii) An outdoor artistic feature.

(viii) A memorial or monument.

(ix) An item of outdoor furniture or signage.

(x) A landmark.

Babergh District Council currently has only two approved Local Lists in the district, they being Sudbury and Nayland with Wissington

Hadleigh is the second largest town in the district and is expected to experience considerable growth and change over the next fifteen years. In the absence of a formally constituted Local List for the town there has to be concern that potentially worthwhile non-designated heritage assets will be damaged or lost to the town from such growth and new development.

With the emergence of a new Local Plan for the District, and the preparation of a Neighbourhood Plan for Hadleigh, now is probably the most opportune time to consider the preparation of a Local List for Hadleigh.

Local Listing is not a statutory designation and therefore does not carry the same implication as those properties on the Statutory List of Listed Buildings. Where however planning permission is required for development of a locally listed building, special note will be taken of its architectural or historic qualities and how they may be affected by the proposed development. Local listing would not require a separate listed building application.

In certain instances where demolition of a Local List property is proposed, or where certain features would benefit from protection an Article 4 Direction may be served on the building which would remove permitted development rights and require a planning application to be made for certain types of development or demolition.

Buildings already on a Statutory List of Historic Buildings would not be considered for inclusion on a Local List as they already have a level of statutory protection. It is hoped that, in the future, a policy will be included within the new Babergh District Local Plan to cover Local List properties.

The Localism Act 2011 has increased the role of communities in determining how planning decisions are made at the local level, including those involving heritage assets. Communities can play a key role in preparing Neighbourhood Plans which establish the general planning policies for the development and use of land in a neighbourhood and work in preparing a Neighbourhood Plan may indicate buildings and sites which merit inclusion on the Local List. The Act also requires local authorities to maintain a list of assets of community value that have been nominated by the local community. As long as they meet the requirements set out in the Act, assets on a local heritage list may also qualify as assets of community value


To qualify for local listing nominated assets will need to meet the requirements of the selection criteria. Where possible assessment processes, possibly including public consultation, may be helpful in identifying errors or inaccuracies in supporting information. It is also important to identify assets at the assessment stage that should not be added to the local list. Ensuring that the public has sufficient access to existing records on the local Historic Environment Record (HER), Heritage Gateway a tool for cross-searching records including Historic England designation records - or related databases will minimise the likelihood that assets already covered by national statutory designation or currently on the local heritage list will be nominated.

While the collation of supporting information would normally be undertaken by the nominator, the experience of local experts, voluntary organisations or local authority staff may also be a valuable addition in some cases.

To ensure a general uniformity of merit for inclusion of a building or structure in a Local List, criteria have been adopted which all entries to the Local List must meet. The selection criteria chosen are based on those in the Good Practice Guide for Local Heritage Listing by Historic England (first published 2012, update May 2016), and those used by other Local Planning Authorities in their adopted Local Lists.

The principal aspects recommended by Historic England to be taken into account when considering items for a Local List are:-

  1. Age
  2. Rarity
  3. Group Value
  4. Archaeology Value
  5. Archival Interest
  6. Historic Association
  7. Designated Landscape Interest
  8. Landmark Status
  9. Social and Communal Value

The above aspects have often been grouped by many Local Authorities into three main selection categories of;-

  1. Survival and Originality
  2. Architectural and Design Merit
  3. Historic/Social Interest

The aim of the selection criteria is to give recognition to the wide variety of historic buildings in Hadleigh with a view to recognising their intrinsic qualities where development is proposed. The heritage interest of a building should however normally be publicly visible whereas building interiors would not normally be included in the Local List.

To ensure that entries have sufficient survival to make them meaningful and worthy candidates, entries must also meet one criterion from Category 1 (Survival and Originality), then in regard to architectural and or historic merit meet at least one criterion from Categories 2 or 3.

Any building or structure which does not clearly meet these requirements will not normally be considered for inclusion in the Hadleigh Local List.

Owners of buildings or structures to be included in the Local List will be sent copies of the completed survey for the property.  


1. Survival and Originality

  1. It contains significant features dating from before 1714.
  2. If built 1714-1840, (Georgian) it retains (much of) its original design and architecture.
  3. If built 1840-1901, (Victorian), it retains (much of) its original features, and of sufficient quality to distinguish it from other buildings of that period locally and/or it has a design and architecture characteristic of the period.
  4. If built between 1901-1919, ( Edwardian & Arts & Crafts) it retains (much of) its original features, and of sufficient quality to distinguish it from other buildings of that period locally and or has design and architecture of exceptional interest and quality.
  5. If built between 1919-1938, (Inter War Period) it is a good or outstanding example of the architectural styles of the period.
  6. If built between 1939-1945, it is a surviving example of a wartime structure.
  7. If built after 1945, it is a building of exceptional quality and design, and surviving generally in its original form.

2. Architectural or Artistic Interest

  1. It was built or designed by a nationally or locally important architect, engineer or designer.
  2. The building received a national award or recognition.
  3. It is an example of a style of building, design, architecture, or materials that is unique to the local area and a reasonable survival of that type.
  4. It is a significant landmark building, folly or curiosity.
  5. The building or group of buildings contribute significantly to the townscape, street scene, appearance of the area and/or the setting of a designated heritage asset.
  6. It is a rare surviving example of street furniture that contributes positively to the local area.
  7. The building is a local landmark or monument.
  8. It is a reasonable example of a particular technological innovation in building type and/or technique
  9. It is within a group of buildings that together are a good surviving example of an historic architectural style, particularly one associated with Hadleigh and/or Suffolk
  10. It contributes to the character of the designated Hadleigh Conservation Area.
  11. It is a landmark asset in the area, due to its strong communal or historical associations or its striking aesthetic value.
  12. The building represents an example of the development of domestic architecture in Hadleigh, either as a single element or part of a group.

3. Historic/Social Interest

  1. The building or structure is associated with an important national or local historic figure.
  2. The building is associated with, or illustrates an important aspect or local events in the Towns cultural, political, civic, educational, social, religious, economic, industrial, agricultural, transport, or military history. [Examples could be, schools, churches, public buildings, mileposts, boundary markers and old letter boxes.]
  3. It is a building, structure which has an important association with the history of the areas local social or economic development. For example, agricultural, industrial, commercial or transport buildings and structures.
  4. The building is an important survival of the Towns Industrial or Commercial Heritage.
  5. The building is related by age, materials or historical association with an adjacent designated heritage asset.

    Local Lists may include Archaeological features and Heritage Landscapes. Such assets are not normally included as the former are adequately identified by alternative records whilst in regard to heritage landscapes it is not considered any exist in the Town Council administrative area. The criteria that could be used however is set to below.

4. Archeological Interest

  1. It is a site with demonstrable and definable potential to contain deposits and/or artefacts of regional or local archaeological significance.
  2. It has surviving visible remains (such as earthworks, walls, or structures) of regional or local archaeological significance.

5. Designed Landscapes of Interest

  1. It retains some or all of its historic features, layouts, and planting.
  2. It possesss special local significance for its recreational, cultural, historic, or aesthetic value.
  3. It provides views of the surrounding townscape which are visually significant or satisfying.

Source;-Local Heritage Listing Historic England Advice Note 7 (May 2012)


The first draft of the Local List is now available.

If you wish to nominate a building please download and fill in this form.

The Hadleigh Society