NewsletterRegistered with THE CIVIC TRUST April 1999
Inside this Issue
An 'Issues Report, was recently sent out by the Planing (Policy) Division of the District Council and the Societys view invited on the changes likely to affect the environment we live in. Your Executive Committee, led by the Chairman and Vice-Chair, has replied on behalf of the Society.
The Issues Report tries to identify what Babergh District Council considers to be the major planning issues facing the area for the period up to 2011. The District Council will consider our comments, along with other responses, before it drafts the Babergh Local Plan Alteration No.2 later this year. Nothing has been decided at this stage.
ALTERATION No.2 is needed
The document sets the scene for Hadleigh as follows:
In spite of being the second largest settlement in the district, Hadleigh only has a population of about 7,000. The town centre itself provides a wide variety of shopping, employment, social and recreational opportunities, all set within an historic environment.
The main points relating to Hadleigh are summarised here. Italicised comments represent the essence of the Hadleigh Society response. You can see the whole report at the Babergh offices, public library or on the Internet. You can see the full text of the Hadleigh Society comments on our Website, with cross-links to the Babergh document, or contact the Secretary.
Areas for Housing
Further growth on any scale in Hadleigh could be difficult without breaching environmental thresholds and would only be considered if a high level of growth is imposed on the district.
The current allocation of 25 acres of land north of Lady Lane Industrial Estate for employment purposes would remain. The Society has also proposed support for suitable business activities on the Pound Lane estate.
A shift in national policy over the past few years means that local authorities need to manage existing car parking spaces rather than provide more car parks. In recent years many more parking spaces have been provided, for example at the new High Street car park. This car park is attracting shoppers to the town so reference to a retail development on this site would be removed.
Despite speculation about a new food supermarket in the town centre no new site is put forward for retail development. The Council does not believe there is a need for another supermarket.
Hadleigh Health Centre
This needs to expand, perhaps by expansion on the existing site.
An alternative site is sought for the Fire Station: one possibility is the Lady Lane Industrial Estate.
Market Place / Duke Street Garages
If this site is not needed for the expansion of the Hadleigh Health Centre, it could be developed for housing, which would be consistent with the government's desire to recycle urban land for housing purposes.
The Society proposes a more comprehensive review of opportunities for the whole area surrounding the Market Place and Health Centre in conjunction with relocation of the Fire Station. This could give a strong focus for the centre, perhaps encouraging market trading.
Since producing the current Plan Hadleigh Guildhall and East House have had major improvements, and the High School Sports facility has been opened to the public. A new community hall is no longer needed. The Society would also like to note the community use of St Marys Church, the Deanery Tower and the URC building.
A few weeks ago you will have read in the East Anglian Daily Times (based on a press release from Tesco) of their planning application for a 27,500 sq.ft. supermarket on the site between the river, High Street and Pound Lane. When we attempted to view the plans at Babergh we were told that they had been withdrawn for "technical reasons" involving certification.
This week there has been some activity in the High Street with photographs being taken over the roof of Sun Court from a very high mobile crane. Surveyors have also been making measurements and drawings of the outside.
It is nearly two weeks since the plans were first lodged and they are still not available for viewing. However we have seen some of the proposals that were recently sent by the developers to the owners of Sun Court.
The proposed supermarket is 27,500 sq.ft. in area, and about 150 feet behind the gardens of the High Street houses between Sun Court and Bulls. The car park for 217 vehicles is, at its nearest point, only about 30 feet from the river.
The road entrance for Cars and lorries would be between Cinch and 111 High Street with roughly half the Cinch building being demolished to make room for it. The remaining part of the building would be adapted to provide a pedestrian access via a short arcade. The side elevation shows a three-storey building.
The plans show the High Street narrowed on either side of the entrance, presumably to make it easier for traffic to get in and out of the supermarket (according to Suffolk County Councils survey in 1997 this is already the busiest road in Hadleigh). We presume the parking on both sides of the High Street at that point will have to be removed.
These are only proposals: Tesco have not yet bought the land but have Options to purchase, as confirmed on a copy of the planning application.
Once the plans have been registered with Babergh and are available for public viewing we will be in a better position to comment fully on them and will keep you informed.
Several people have suggested that the whole town should be consulted on the desirability of another supermarket in the town. Accordingly we decided to conduct a survey and the Hadleigh Community News has helped by distributing our questionnaire. Weve had 127 back so far; there are several places that they can be returned to: please remember to return yours.
CAASH (Campaign Against Another Supermarket in Hadleigh) has been formed to co-ordinate opposition to the plans You will soon start to see its logo around town. The Society is heavily involved in CAASH.
Government is relying heavily on local authorities to realise its transport plans, and all unitary and county councils in England will have to write a plan for local transport in their area. Civic Societies will be important in securing the many improvements for which no legislation is necessary. The Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions has issued detailed Guidance on Local Transport Plans, which local authorities must follow. For a copy contact Local Transport Policy, Zone 3/14, DETR, 76 Marsham Street, London SWIP 4DR, or try the DETR website on http://www.detr.gov.uk/.
Illicit Sex in 17th century Hadleigh
It was a good turn out to hear Sue Andrews, with the promise of some revelation of Hadleighs colourful past. If there were a few expecting to hear of nothing but sex they might have been disappointed, as we were introduced to several of the other activities over which the church court had jurisdiction.
Drawing on the two brief periods for which there are records of this court, around 1640 and around 1670, Sue illustrated the life of the town just before the Civil War and following the restoration. Since the parish was a Peculiar, Hadleighs court had an unusual status, with the Dean being responsible directly to the Archbishop of Canterbury. The town at that time had not long had its charter and still had a strong industry of clothiers although Lavenhams cloth trade was by then in decline. The population was only 1,500 and the plague in one year took 200 of those.
We heard of how the church courts roles spanned the birth, marriage and death of every citizen to a much greater extent than today, and how citizens were much more likely to have to attest to the conduct of their neighbours.
Turning for a moment from the primary subject we heard how a large body of cases concerned failure to attend church, and another major role concerned probate. Returning to the main theme, a significant proportion of the courts cases concerned pre and post marital relations, and the best recourse for those accused would be to find neighbours prepared to confirm your innocence. Cross-examination in court might be one thing but midwives, who were licensed by the court, were expected to enquire of the paternity of the child at the height of the labour.
Babies arriving indecently soon after the marriage ceremony led to a court case, and public humiliation; even worse if there was no marriage. Although there was a clear moral standpoint there would also be a strong economic motivation to avoid the cost to the parish of providing for orphans and bastards. With data for the two periods on record, Sue showed how cases concerning morality dropped markedly in the Restoration after the Civil War, but we can only speculate whether this was a change in attitudes or behaviour.
Will-making in Mediaeval Hadleigh
Our History Group members who know just how long it can take to work through the archived documents that have survived will sympathise with Peter Northeast who felt better able to tackle the mediaeval wills of Hadleigh because of the action of a servant in 1618. His fire destroyed the records belonging to the Hadleigh Peculiar.
The 49 documents which survive to this day are those that were proved at the Archbishops court because the estate extended beyond Hadleigh. With only 25% making a will at all and most being handled by the Deans court, these survivors represented the upper crust of the population.
You may remember our History Group introducing us last year to Archdeacon Pykynhams will in the context of Hadleighs Charities. This time we learned more details of this wealthy cleric, whom we should now learn to pronounce as Pickinham. One thousand requiem masses didnt come cheap by the standards of a 6d daily wage.
We not only learned more about Hadleigh and were reminded of the arithmetic of old money but also learned of the distinction between wills and testaments. Altogether it was an entertaining but educational experience.
If you are interested in seeing Peters notes on the full set of 111 Hadleigh wills from 1403 to 1601 they will be available in the Hadleigh Archive.
Contact Sue Andrews
Help us write a book
The members of the History Group, having recovered from the preparation of last Novembers presentation have been thinking about our next project.
We have decided that there is a need for a new book about our towns history, suitable for sale to visitors to the town.
We hope to start with what is known about the Celts, Romans and Saxons, all of whom seem to have had a presence here and to bring the story right up in to this century.
We plan two versions, one aimed at the casual reader and one fully annotated with sources for anyone wanting to make a serious study of our towns history.
We intend to concentrate on one chapter at a time to gradually build the book and I am sure all the members of the group will learn a lot along the way.
If you would like to be part of the project, now would be a good time to join the History Group. Our next two meetings are on the 19th April and 14th May in the Towns Archive Room at the Guildhall.
For more information ring Joe Byrne on 822192.
MEET YOUR EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
The Vice Chairman
Jan Byrne, the Vice Chair of the Society was born a cockney, spent her formative years in North London, and moved with Joe to Hadleigh High Street in 1961. She had trained as a General Nurse and when the children started school she worked for a few years as a staff nurse at the Ipswich hospital.
When the children were older she trained to be a Health Visitor, then spent about twenty years visiting young families in Ipswich. From 1990 she was a manager in the Community Nursing service. For some years she was the Vice Chair of her professional organisation and was elected to represent the profession on the English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting. She was also a member of the United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting.
She joined the Hadleigh Evening Womens Institute in its early days and is now its President. The W.I. may have a "Jam and Jerusalem" image but it educates (Jan says "Joe doesnt now know what a jar of shop jam tastes like"), it influences government policies and she enjoys the relaxation of being in the company of friends.
Joe and Jan joined the Society at its inauguration and have been on the committee for much of the time. Jan was Chairman in the 1980s.
She is now a member of the Societys history group and since retirement has worked with Joe in the Towns Archives where they are members of the group who are re-cataloguing the collection and putting it on a computer. They hope the Archives will be open to the public for one afternoon a week later this year. Having helped to raise money to build the swimming pool in the seventies she now has time to benefit almost every morning.
Since they retired they enjoy spending more time in the town to which after 38 years they feel they belong. Jan now has time to go to the local shops most days. They never really believed people who said retirement was a very busy time, but now they wonder how they ever had time to work.
Next Event: Clive Paine on The Paupers of Hadleigh
Clive entertained us in 1997 with a well-researched account of a Murder in Benton Street. His investigations of how Hadleigh tackled poverty in the 1830s should be equally enthralling. Dont miss it!
Venue: Hadleigh Old Town Hall, 8pm. Please note that we now use the side entrance behind the Corn Exchange.
Free to members, £2 for non-members.
If you know someone who is interested in joining the Executive Committee dont hold back. Were always keen to welcome new blood. Theres a form at the back of this newsletter for you to make nominations.
Our membership is getting close to 200, which is a very good figure for an organisation of our type in relation to the size of town. Why not encourage a few more people to help reach that milestone.
HADLEIGH SOCIETY INFORMATION ON THE WEB
At our Web address (see Files Group Contact, below) you can find this and many past newsletters, with photos in their original colours, an extensive list of past events going back over ten years, and their posters.
Weve recently added some more newsletters from 10 years ago, including articles on Hadleigh Aerodrome and the Hadleigh Gang.
Hadleigh Library now provides free access to the Internet, bookable in hourly sessions. Printouts cost 5p per page.
is on Saturday 15th May. Come and visit the Hadleigh Society stand.
Would anyone like to look after the garden for a week during the Summer? Light work only: deadheading etc.
Contact Jane at the Idler or Hattie 823193
are on Thursday 6th May. Two members of our Executive Committee, Jan Byrne and Sue Angland, are standing for election to the Town Council. Jan is also a candidate for the District Council.
All views expressed are those of the contributors and are not necessarily those of the Hadleigh Society
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
ON THURSDAY 24th JUNE 1999 AT 8 pm.
Society members are invited to make nominations for service on the Societys Executive Committee for the year following the Annual General Meeting in the following capacities:
All posts are honorary and seconded nominations must reach the Societys Chairman by 10th June 1999.
To: Chairman, The Hadleigh Society, c/o 49 Angel Street, Hadleigh, Suffolk, (Telephone: 01473 822063)
I nominate the following for service on the Executive Committee of The Hadleigh Society for the year 1999/2000.
In each case the nominee has agreed to stand.
You may copy this form or write your own letter to The Chairman